Some studies shows that there are about 6% cases of allergies in babies. Most allergies in babies are happen due to the food consumption. The prevalence of peanut allergy has doubled in 10 years. The incidence of asthma and eczema also increased.
Food allergies and atopic diseases (allergic) such as eczema (also called atopic dermatitis), asthma, allergic rhinitis, hay fever and hives have a strong genetic component. Thus, the risk of atopic disease increased by 33% when a first-degree relative (parent or sibling) suffers, and 70% when both parents are affected. That said, many have children with no family history. What can you do to protect your child ?
What triggers the allergies in babies ?
In the womb, a baby share food with the pregnant women. This may be one of the reason of allergies in babies. The power of the pregnant woman is the first nutritional influence to atopic diseases. Although some publications have suggested that the withdrawal of peanuts consumption is beneficial in the case of a family at risk, recent results report that there is no relation between the consumption of peanuts by pregnant mothers during pregnancy and the development of this allergy during childhood.
Moreover, the fact of eliminating certain foods from the diet of pregnant women could affect nutritional status and that of the fetus. To this end, one study reported a lower gestational weight gain when the mother eliminated from the diet, the 28th week of gestation until the end of pregnancy, cow’s milk and eggs. In addition, two studies suggest that dietary elimination is related to an increased risk of premature birth. It is also possible that this diet has an effect on the average weight of the baby at birth.
Large-scale research is needed to clarify the benefits – if any – to eliminate certain foods that are common allergens during pregnancy.
Breastfeeding is one of the reason for the allergies in babies. The composition of breast milk is influenced by what the mother eats. In addition to nutrients, food antigens, including those peanuts, cow’s milk and fish, can be detected in its milk. They might even cause a reaction in children with known allergies. But is it the main reason for babies to have allergies toward breast milk ? Nothing is less certain. For now, there is insufficient data to justify the withdrawal of food allergens in order to prevent allergies in the breastfed baby.
There may be an exception for eczema. It would seem that opposition to the preparations of cow’s milk, exclusive breastfeeding for at least 4 months may reduce the risk in babies from families at risk of developing this disease. Consult to your doctor to discuss more about the allergies in babies and how to prevent it.